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Basic Mountaineering Course (BMC)

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A first aid kit can be shared among 2-3 people but each person should have a basic emergency kit that includes pain killer, Band-aids, gauze bandage, antiseptic wipes, antibiotic, anti-itch cream, Ace bandage, and moleskin.

From "Ecotourism in the Philippines" by Carlos M. Libosada, Jr., Bookmark, Inc., Manila, 1998.

Basic Mountaineering Course 

Your guide to mountaineering, a basic neccesity to be a true mountaineer.


Map and Compass Reading by Rocky Mountain Ramblers Association (RMRA)


  • summarized by Alistair Des Moulins.

A topographic map is a two dimensional representation of part of the earth's surface. Contour lines, colours, and shading are used to indicate elevation.

There are four pieces of information you need to know about a map before it can be of much use to you. These are:
  1. Scale,
  2. Orientation - which direction is North,
  3. Magnetic Declination - the difference in direction between true north and magnetic north, and
  4. Contour Interval.
Not all maps give you all this information. City street plans are particularly bad.



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